The name Stockwell is of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin and probably comes from one or another family that once lived in either the settlements called Stockwell in Surrey or Somerset or even near any footbridge over a stream.  The Old-English words "stoc" and "wiella" are among a large category of habitation designations derived from pre-existing names for villages, parishes and farmsteads.  Probably the second half of the name designated a local well and the first half "stoc" was Old English for a tree trunk or post. Names of this sort were used to identify people who lived near these places.
     
     Stockwells' are found in the historical records of Surrey where they were seated as Lords of the Manor of Lambreth, s suburb of London.  Apparently the name goes quite far back, some say well well before the time of William the Conqueror's entry into England in 1066 A.D.  Variations of the name Stockwell can be found among scribes and monks in the Middle Ages, who spelled names the was they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person, such as Stockwell, Stokewell, Stokwell and others.

     The part of London that is today called Stockwell is where the rural manor at the edge of London was located.  It once included market gardens and famous botanical gardens.  In the nineteenth century This section of London developed as an elegant middle class suburb.  Residents included the artist Arthur Rackham, who was born in South Lambeth Road in 1807, and Vincent Van Gogh, who lived here briefly.

     Its social and architectural fortunes in the twentieth century were more mixed.  The area immediately around the Stockwell tube station was extensively rebuilt following the Second World War.  Stockwell and neighboring South Lambeth are now home to one of the United Kingdom's largest Portuguese communities know as "Little Portugal".  Stockwell is also home to many people of Caribbean and West African origin.  However, many remnants of the area's nineteenth century grandeur can be found in the side and back streets of Stockwell, most notably in the Stockwell Park Conservation Area, mostly built between 1825 and 1840 and centered on Stockwell Park Road, Stockwell Park Crescent, Durand Gardens and Albert Square.

Plaque honoring the founders of the
Stockwell Family Association

Stockwell Family Association

History

"People will not look forward to prosterity who never look backward to their ancestors"                 --Edmund Burke

Stockwell, London
War Memorial and Shelter.